WA Basketball Strategic Facilities Plan
The Basketball Facility Plan provides an indication of the likely growth patterns of the sport from a community development and Association perspective. It was originally developed as a Basketball and Netball Strategic Facility Plan in partnership with Netball WA, but has been intentionally separated to deal with the two sports independently although there are a number of shared recommendations contained within both plans. The intention is to:
- Identify future facility requirements for both sports within Western Australia for the next 15 years and a process for prioritising and securing potential investment to deliver the plan.
- Establish the framework within which the State Sporting Association (SSA) of Basketball WA can provide support and guidance to its affiliated associations (“associations”) and local government.
The approach taken for establishing infrastructure needs for Basketball has been based on two distinct parameters. In the first instance there was a need to recognise broad community requirements having regard to existing court provision and anticipated population growth. Secondly it was important to recognise the specific growth requirements of Basketball Associations in Metropolitan Perth and Regional WA and ensure that the anticipated future needs of those associations to facilitate growth are recognised and appropriately planned for.
This plan will assist Basketball WA decision making at association level to accommodate future growth and manage participation in areas of decline. It will also provide direction for recreational and association use of local government facilities where the allocation of space is often limited due to competition from other sports/activities. Additionally it will provide direction for the organisations, clubs, local government and other potential partners in planning for future facilities. This summary provides an overview of the key components relative to Basketball WA.
Western Australia basketball participation rates and structure – overview
The following highlights the key aspects which are influential in the sports growth in Western Australia:
- In 2011 the estimated population in WA was 2.3m persons and this number is forecast to increase to 3m persons by 2026 with the majority of this growth to be accommodated in the Metropolitan, Peel and South West regions.
- Basketball is the fifth most popular organised sport for boys (ages of 5-14) with a participation rate of 8.5% and girls (ages of 5-14) with a participation rate of 6.3%.
- The estimated total number of adult persons participating in basketball in WA is approximately 91,000.
- There are 53 basketball associations throughout the state affiliated to Basketball WA and there are 14 associations/clubs that compete in the State Basketball League Competition.
- Basketball is a game principally played indoors on wooden sprung floors. In the Metropolitan area in
particular, demand for access to basketball courts for training purposes is high and as a result teams use whatever court access times are available, whereas in regional areas training and competition tends to be conducted Monday to Friday with the weekends kept free for other activities.
- The associations have varying control over their facilities. Depending on the level of control exercised by each association, this invariably impacts on the extent of developmental programs which can be facilitated (i.e. greater control by each association generally results in a greater capacity to develop these programs).
- Many local governments will operate their own casual play for basketball. This will not be recognised by Basketball WA within their recorded participation figures. Often, casual play facilitated by local governments will attract participation away from associations by those people who wish to participate outside of a formal membership structure.
- Whilst opportunities for casual play are facilitated by local governments in addition to the associations, the level of accessibility at each facility will differ significantly. Indoor court space particularly will be limited in community facilities managed/controlled by local government whose core focus will be to provide a breadth of recreational activity to their ratepayers and not to facilitate the explicit needs of an individual sport.
- The likely future growth for basketball will focus on enhancing and extending indoor provision.
The approach to Basketball Association strategic facility development
The Strategic Facilities Plan has been developed taking into account the following:
- To establish an approach to facility development appropriate to the ongoing evolution of the competition and development structure under Basketball WA and its associations. Whilst these facilities may be multifunctional in use, the facilities provide priority access for basketball at the times they desire. The continued growth and extension of court infrastructure at these facilities is critical to the growth of the sport.
- To establish an approach which is appropriate to the development of multi-functional sporting facilities where basketball is one of a number of sporting activities which have to negotiate use of the court infrastructure on an equal basis with other sports.
Current facility audit and future demand
Following a review of the number of courts by planning region, an assessment on the level of court provision with the forecast number of basketball courts required for each region for 2011 was undertaken. In addition an assessment of demand for each of the planning regions in five-year increments for the periods 2016, 2021 and 2026 was undertaken. A sensitivity analysis on key participation assumptions was conducted in an attempt to indicate a reasonable range of results of court provision for recreational basketball use. The analysis incorporated:
- The existing and projected population profiles.
- An assessment of low (4.6%) and high (4.8%) participation rates based on the latest known WA participation rates calculated through ERASS.
- A nominal number of participants per team (indicatively 6 for basketball).
- An assumed hourly court usage for competition (50 mins weekly per team) and an assumed hourly court usage for training (30 mins weekly per team).
- An assessment was also undertaken on the access to a facility based on population numbers likely to generate a viable use of a facility.
- Likely operational hours (varying from intensive use in Metropolitan Perth to less intensive in more remote regional areas).
The assessment found that based on the factors identified above that the existing level of provision of basketball courts for recreational purposes is meeting or exceeding demand in all the regions. In respect of future growth and facility provision there is potential for an under provision of basketball courts in the Metropolitan Region by 2026. This however is based on all courts being of a similar quality; of a good playing standard and being accessible at times desired by the basketball users to adequately facilitate optimum competition structures,training and development programs. In order to understand the full implications of current court provision and future demand the assessment was supplemented through a stakeholder consultation process and analysis of known growth inhibitors.
The conclusion reached is that whilst in numerical terms the provision of basketball court infrastructure for the most part meets or exceeds demand, the actual quality and level of accessible provision falls below a standard which is necessary to facilitate effective growth in the sport. The focus therefore on the development and provision of basketball facilities should be on:
- Enhancing the quality, capacity and accessibility of court space wherever possible to facilitate greater participation in the sport.
- In circumstances where there is a critical mass of basketball infrastructure (most notably on sites operated/managed/used by Associations) and a case can be made for expanding the facilities to offset constraints on the growth of the sport support should be given to assist those associations in developing the feasibility and business case.
Facility classification hierarchy
To assist in planning for the population growth and likely increase in demand for basketball facilities a facility classification and hierarchy was developed.
- District: Local government operated facilities that conduct basketball competitions with the format of
predominantly casual pay and play.
- Regional: Can also be used as a District Facility. These facilities are those at which current basketball
affiliated competitions are played and are generally operated/owned by an association.
- State level: are the WA Basketball Centre, State Netball Centre, Challenge Stadium and Perth Arena.
This hierarchical classification was adopted to clarify potential facility and investment requirements for the next 15 years in accordance with likely growth patterns of the sport.
The following facility classifications were not included:
- Local facilities – a full/half court with net and or backboard with ring that are developed in parks.
- International facilities – other facilities at which international matches are played and may not be dedicated basketball venues.
Based on this facility classification and hierarchy, the results of the facility audit were then classified and mapped. A review of the facility distribution found the following:
- Three state level basketball facilities are provided in the Metropolitan region.
- There are 11 basketball regional level facilities in the Metropolitan region and 9 in regional WA. There are no regional level facilities in the Gascoyne, Kimberley and Wheatbelt regions.
- The number of district level facilities in each region ranges between 1 (Gascoyne) and 49 (Metropolitan Perth). The level of provision for each region is reflective of the popularity of basketball, the demographic profile and historical level of provision in the region.
Stakeholder consultation and facility planning in growth areas
A range of consultation processes was employed including workshops, meetings, interviews and a survey audit. Consultation included Basketball WA and relevant associations, state and local government.
With significant population growth forecast for the Metropolitan, Peel and South West Regions, the facility planning for these regions was a key focus of the study. Within the Metropolitan Region significant population growth is forecast for the Armadale, Canning, Cockburn, Gosnells, Joondalup, Perth, Rockingham, Stirling, Swan and Wanneroo local government areas. The Metropolitan Region is also a priority development region for Basketball WA.
Basketball WA’s priority development areas include Baldivis (City of Rockingham), Ellenbrook / Urban Growth Corridor (City of Swan), the Hills Region (includes Shires of Kalamunda and Mundaring), Southern Metropolitan Corridor and Wanneroo (including Alkimos). Other non-metropolitan priorities were identified as Margaret River and the North West Region.
Planned developments at councils where the population is forecast to increase significantly and which are priority areas identified by Basketball WA include:
- City of Armadale has commenced planning for a Regional Recreation Facility at Wungung. The proposed facility could potentially include some hard courts with construction commencing in 2019.
- The City of Canning’s Burrendah Precinct Master Plan recommends the expansion of the basketball facility at Willetton. It is proposed the expanded facility will accommodate netball, with the final court numbers yet to be determined. A business case and feasibility study outcome is awaited.
- City of Cockburn are currently constructing a regional aquatic and recreation centre with up to an additional six courts which will be used for basketball and netball.
- Warwick Leisure Centre has approached City of Joondalup regarding adding an additional four courts to the facility.
- Wanneroo Basketball is to relocate at Arena Joondalup following a state government commitment of $16m and City of Joondalup commitment of $4m to redevelop the facility.
- The Shire of Kalamunda is preparing a master plan for the Ray Owen Centre and in consultation with the basketball and netball clubs have indicated they would consider providing an additional two courts.
- City of Rockingham is considering developing an indoor sports complex.
- City of Swan looking to develop a 6 or 7 court indoor facility and 12-16 outdoor courts catering for a new association facility within the next ten years (provisionally identified at Whiteman Park).
- City of Wanneroo’s Northern Coastal Corridor Community Facility Plan estimates that by 2026 they will require one district level indoor sport and recreation centre (1 – 2 indoor courts) and one district level outdoor hard court facility (6 – 10 courts).
- South East Regional Recreation Advisory Group’s Regional Sport and Recreation Facilities Strategy recommend a feasibility study to be undertaken for a community based leisure facility in the City of Gosnells/ Armadale.
Planned developments at Peel region councils where the population is forecast to increase significantly include:
- The South East Peel Region Structure Plan identifies a regional open playing space (Fiegerts Road) that may be suitable to incorporate both indoor and outdoor court sports facilities.
- The City of Mandurah is proposing to add an additional three courts to the existing four courts at the Mandurah Aquatic and Recreation Centre.
- Within the Shire of Serpentine-Jarrahdale the Community Facility Plan 2020 recommends that Council work with the Education Department to establish community accessible hard-courts at schools.
Planned developments at South West region councils where the population is forecast to increase significantly include:
- The Shire of Dardanup has conceptual plans for an extension to Eaton Recreation Centre, which is planned for 2019/20.
- The City of Bunbury has completed a master plan for the South West Sport Centre (SWSC) that includes an additional three courts and current planning is for the works to commence within the next five years.
- Possible extension to the Geographe Leisure Centre (City of Busselton).
- The Shire of Manjimup – possible upgrade/redevelopment of their indoor centre.
- The Shire of Augusta-Margaret River has recently completed a review of the master plan for the Margaret River Recreation Centre and believes more courts may be required in 3 – 5 years.
Industry trends and policy review – the demand for dedicated basketball facilities
The population forecast demand caters for multi-functional recreation centres. Arising from the review of industry trends it is considered the following implications are relevant for the strategic plan:
- With the majority of indoor and outdoor facilities designed to be multipurpose and cater for a large cross section of the community it would be beneficial for Basketball WA and Netball WA to jointly advocate for facility expansion/developments that are a strategic priority for both sports.
- As the facility owner the majority of local governments will be reticent to provide exclusive access for one user group. The basketball use will be limited to the availability of court space.
- In facilities where basketball associations are in control of the use and management of the infrastructure, it is inevitable that future growth will be focussed on the sports needs with ancillary partners incorporated to enhance the business case. In such circumstances it is important to ensure associations have the ability and capability to develop and deliver facility infrastructure projects. This will require guidance and support from Basketball WA to their associations.
- Basketball WA and their associations / clubs can jointly advocate for increased use of facilities by highlighting they are also part of the community and provide a broad range of community outcomes (i.e.health and wellbeing benefits, diversionary activities, participation amongst hard to reach groups etc.).
- Basketball WA should advocate for the increase in facility funding programs to account for the likely increasing facility development costs associated with environmentally sustainable design outcomes/climate change.
- Inner city clubs/associations may need to review and reconsider their traditional zones particularly if they don’t currently have a home and the demography of their zone adversely changes.
A core area of work was identified which falls within the remit of Basketball WA in providing strategic support to associations and local government in order that future facility development can be individually justified.
Strategic facility development advice
To realise the plan there are a number of aspects which need to be developed jointly by both Basketball WA and Netball WA. This essentially relates to the evolution of work both associations have been undertaking in supporting the ongoing development of facility infrastructure and ensuring that the relevant associations are in the best position to make the case for investment in facilities. A critical component of this is the development of a business case, feasibility study, needs analysis and ultimately the ability to attract, receive and manage funding. A process of developing a ‘fit for purpose’ framework under which each association exists will be a significant catalyst for future investment in the sport. This can be split into the following key facilitation roles:
- Providing up to date and relevant participation trends for both affiliated members and recreational basketball and netball use.
- Promote the importance of basketball and netball and the positive impact on the health and wellbeing of the community.
- Encouraging Associations and Clubs to develop their long term facilities’ business plans. This should be based on existing DSR guidance notes.
- In partnership with DSR provide advice and guidance on maintenance and whole of life costs which must be considered to avoid inadequate financial planning.
- Identification of grant funding opportunities (either through the development of the SSAs own funding program; through state and federal government or alternative funding models).
- Engaging with all levels of government to advocate access, funding, ownership, maintenance and development issues, needs and opportunities based on the recommendations contained within the facilities plan and ongoing development of the sport.
- Identify opportunities to partner with complimentary sports to support the business case for investment in facilities.
This will require investment by Basketball WA and Netball WA in facility development advice either through outsourcing advisory work or through establishing an internal club and association facility advisor which may be shared between the two SSAs.
Recommendations and implementation plan
Pages 10-17 outlines the Implementation Plan that identifies a number of strategic priorities for the development of basketball facilities across WA. The priorities are separated into short (1–3 years), medium (4–9 years) and long term (10–15 years) recommendations and may be jointly owned by both Basketball WA and Netball WA.
The first section relates to generic policy intervention and is subsequently followed by recommendations related to regional and metropolitan areas. Where specific facilities are referenced, the recommendations relate to known development opportunities or issues which need to be resolved. It is recommended that the implementation plan is reviewed and updated annually to take into account changing circumstances and potential funding opportunities which may emerge.