Skating (roller sports)

Skating includes speed skating, roller derby, roller and roller in-line hockey.

Speed skating

Speed skating involved races over short (300m) and long (84km) distances on various tracks. Today’s competitors wear special inline skates designed to maximise speed. A race course may be either a 'track' or 'road' course. A road race course may be either an 'open' or 'closed' circuit. The race course for both is measured 30cm from the inner edge. This line is called 'rope'. In all courses, bends are to be bordered either by a natural edge or moving signals that are highly visible. Such signals are never to be placed on the rope of the track because they may represent a danger for competitors. On road courses, with both left and right bends, measuring is to be taken along an imaginary line at 30cm from the extreme ends of the bends.

Flat track

  • two equal straights (no less than 4m wide) and two offset bends
  • maximum length 125m
  • markings are the same colour contrasting with that of the skating surface
  • starting line is 2.5cm wide at the beginning of the first straight
  • penalty line 2.3cm wide and 1m behind the start line and parallel to it
  • finish line, 2.5cm wide, is drawn across the track ¾ the way down the starting straight
  • halfway line is drawn through the centre of the track for use in proficiency tests, pursuit races and time trials. All other events are the number of laps required to cover the distance plus the extra distance from start to finish line


  • a race course within an outdoor or indoor facility providing two straights of the same length and with two symmetrical bends having the same diameter
  • track is no shorter than 125m or longer than 400m and a minimum width of at least 5m
  • track surface is made of any material provided, it is perfectly smooth and not slippery
  • tracks are level or with banking at the bends
  • tracks with banking at the bends are no less than 125m and no more than 250m in length
  • bankings are gradual, uniformly rising from the inside to the outside of the course. The finish line is marked with a white line, 5cm wide
  • The starting line must not be on a bend
  • External fencing bordering the track must be protected through suitable materials in order to avoid dangers

Road course

A road race course is either an 'open' or 'closed' circuit. The race course is measured 30cm from the inner edge. This line is called 'rope'. In all courses, bends are marked by a natural edge or cones that are highly visible. These markers are placed on the 'rope' of the circuit so that they are not a danger for competitors.

Open road circuits

  • Have start and finish lines that do not coincide
  • Are any length over 300m
  • Start and finish lines are marked with a line 5cm wide
  • Where possible, the starting line is not on a bend
  • The finish line is not less than 50m after the bend leading to the finish line
  • Gradients on an open road course must not exceed five per cent or 25 per cent of the whole course
  • A closed road circuit is asymmetrical and competitors cover one or more times according to the distance of the event/s

Closed road circuits

  • Are not shorter than 300m and longer than 1000m and are no less than 5m wide at any point
  • Where possible, the starting line is not on a bend
  • The finish line is not less than 50m after the bend leading to the finish line
  • The surface is uniform and smooth without hollows and fissures and the cross-fall never exceeds three per cent of its width

Roller derby

Roller derby is an American contact sport based on formation roller skating around a circuit track. While traditionally a sport for both women and men, roller derby has developed as a predominantly female circuit in its current revival. The two teams playing send five players each onto the track ─ three blockers (defence), one pivot (last line of defence) and one jammer (scorer). Helmet covers are used to display the players’ positions ─ a striped cover is used for pivots, a cover with two stars is used for jammers and no cover is used for blockers.

Roller derby track

Roller in-line hockey

Playing rink

Roller in-line hockey is played on wood, asphalt, cement or sport-tiled floors. Dimensions of the rink surface vary between 20m wide and 40m−60m long. The preferred ratio of width versus length of rink is 1:2. The distance from the goal line to the extreme end of the rink is 4.5m.

The rink is surrounded by a wood or fibreglass wall (boards) that extend above the rink surface from 101cm−122cm. The barrier has rounded corners of a radius of 6m to keep the puck in play.


The goal cage consists of an iron pipe cage 105cm high and 170cm wide. The front or facing frame must be made with iron galvanised pipe 7.6cm in diameter. The top and base supports are 5cm in diameter. The top, posts and internal face of the goal cage is covered with resistant netting so as not to permit passage of the puck. The posts and front bar are painted in fluoro red or orange and other parts painted white.

A drop net is suspended from the near inside top of the cage with a depth of 45cm measured from the top crossbar of the goal. The net has a maximum width of 180cm and height of 110cm.

In front of each goal, a goal crease area is marked by a red line 7.6cm wide. This line extends from the outside of each goal post for 1.2m. A line parallel to the goal line joints these two lines.

In-line hockey rink

Sports association details

Rollersports Association of WA Inc

Pauline Robertson
33 Hackbridge Way Bayswater WA 6053
Telephone 08 9378 1476


The information in this guide is general in nature and cannot be relied upon as professional advice concerning the design of, or marking out for, sporting facilities and playing areas. No assurance is given as to the accuracy of any information contained in this guide and readers should not rely on its accuracy. Readers should obtain their own independent and professional advice in relation to their proposed sporting activity.