Roller sports includes disciplines of inline hockey, artistic skating, speed skating, roller hockey, roller derby, skateboarding and rolling (aggressive inline).
Roller inline hockey
Roller inline hockey is played on sport tile, wood, asphalt or cement.
The recommended size of the rink is 50m x 24m, however surface dimensions can vary between 40m and 60m in length and 20m and 30m in width. Where possible the width versus length ratio is 1:2.
A centre red line 5cm wide is marked on the floor to separate the defending zone and the attacking zone. There are no other line markings required on the playing surface for roller inline hockey.
The rink is surrounded by a wood or fibreglass wall (boards) that extend above the rink surface from 101cm to 122cm high.
The recommended height is 107cm. The barrier has rounded corners with a radius of 5m to facilitate keeping the puck in play.
A goal crease area is marked in front of each goal by a red line 5cm wide. This line is 1.2m long and extends at a right angle from a point on the goal line, 30cm from the outside of each goal post. A line parallel to the goal line joins the ends of these two lines.
The goal cage is an iron pipe cage with a rectangular face opening with an inside height of 105cm and inside width of 170cm. The goal cages are located at opposite ends of the rink. The distance from the goal line to the end of the rink is 3.8m.
Face-off sports and circles
The rink is marked with five face-off circles with lines 5cm wide. One face-off spot, 22.5cm in diameter, is in the centre of the floor, surrounded by a 3m radius circle.
In each end zone, two 22.5cm face-off spots are placed 6.1m out from each goal line and 6.7m from the exact centre of the rink’s width. This makes the spots 13.4m apart from each other. A 3m radius circle is drawn around each spot.
A 3m radius semi‑circle is marked immediately in front of the timekeepers bench. Players are restricted from entering this area during stoppage of play.
Each players bench accommodates at least 16 persons and is placed alongside the playing surface as close to the centre of the rink as possible and convenient to the dressing rooms.
The penalty bench is located at a substantial distance from the players benches, preferably on the opposite side of the rink.
Artistic roller skating
Artistic roller skating is a fun, safe sport that is practised worldwide. There are four disciplines in artistic roller skating:
- Dance skating
- Precision skating
- Figure skating
Roller rinks range in size from 2,500 square metres to 12,000 square metres, depending on what size community they’re located in and what attractions they offer. The average skating surface is around 23m wide and 45m long. The minimum size of a skating surface for a world championship event is 25m x 50m.
Skate floors are made of hardwood, rollerboard (high density particle board), concrete and modular tiles.
There are three disciplines in speed skating.
Track racing - Indoor track racing takes place on an oval track measured out on a flat even skating surface.
Road racing - Road races are run on varied surfaces. The minimum distance for a road circuit is 240m that must have a minimum width of 5m. The average road circuit is between 400m and 500m.
Banked track - The races are held on a 200m oval track, which is slightly banked at either end.
A track is an outdoor or indoor facility with two straights of the same length and with two symmetrical bends having the same radius. The length of the track is 200m and is measured on the inner edge. The inner edge is drawn with a white line of 5cm. The length is measured on the inner edge of this white line.
The length of the two straights is 57.84 % of the total length of the track. The length of the bends must represent 45 % of the total length of the track.
The track is 6m wide, measured from the inner edge of the track to the fence. The track surface is made of a smooth non‑slip surface.
The finish line is 8m before the beginning of the bend and marked with a 5cm wide white line.
In the inner part of the track, there is a 50cm no‑skating zone. The zone is marked with non‑slip stripes spaced out every 10cm.
The track is enclosed by polycarbonate fencing, 120cm high and has a safeguard panel of 20cm high and 3cm wide, detached 2cm from the ground.
The road course is a minimum of 8m wide at any point in the course. The surface is uniform and smooth without hollows and fissures. Safety devices are installed at points which the Chief Referee considers dangerous.
Closed circuit road race course
A closed circuit road course consists of an closed circuit where skaters cover one of more times according to the distance of the event.
The course is a minimum of 400m and a maximum of 600m long. The marathon course (42.19km) is at least 3km.
Open road race course
Skaters do not have to complete several laps to cover the distance of the race. All holes or excavations must be filled and or signalled with white paint. For races over 20km a drinks stand must be provided at the middle of the course.
Roller hockey, also known as rink hockey, is played using traditional quad roller skates, as opposed to inline hockey that uses inline skates. Matches are played on indoor or outdoor rinks, in most weather conditions, by day or night, with natural or artificial light.
The rink has a polished wooden surface, but any flat, non‑abrasive and non‑slip material such as treated cement is acceptable. There are three standard sizes:
- Minimum of 34m x 17m.
- Average of 40m x 20m.
- Maximum of 44m x 22m.
Or any size between the minimum and maximum values that has a 2:1 size ratio with a 10% margin of error.
The rink is surrounded on all sides by a closed barrier, one metre high, and has four semi‑circular corners, with a radius between one and 3m.
All markings are 8cm wide and a contrast with the colour of the ball and surface of the rink.
The penalty area is a rectangle marked on each side of the rink—two 9m lines parallel to the end boards and two 5.4m line parallel to the side boards.
The goal line is between the two posts of the goal cage. It is 1.70m long and marked at distance of 2.7m to 3.3m from the end boards. The goal keeper’s protection area is half‑circle drawn from post to post, the centre is the middle of the goal line of each goal cage.
The penalty spot is a 10cm in diameter circle marked on the front line of each penalty area, at a distance of 5.4m perpendicular on the centre of the goal line.
Direct free hit marks are 10cm in diameter circles, marked on each half of the rink, at a distance of 7.4m perpendicular on the centre of the goal line.
The half way link divides the rink into two player zones—the defensive zone and the attacking zone. The 3m in diameter centre circle is marked in the centre of the rink
The rink hockey goal cage consists of a frame of hollow galvanised standard iron tube, made of three distinct parts welded together and painted fluorescent orange. The distance from the floor to the inner edge of the crossbar is one metre and the distance between the inner edges of the goal posts is 1.7m. The lower rear structure, painted white, is composed of a semi‑circular arch connected by a horizontal bar. The upper rear structure, painted in white, is composed of a rectangle with a semi‑arch. The semi‑arch is welded to the rear corners of the rectangle.
The rear structure of the cage is covered with a white net, mesh size 25mm x 25mm. A second white netting is suspended on the inside of the cage to stop the ball bouncing back out of the cage.
The track surface is polished or painted concrete, wood or game court floors. The track including the safety lane outside the track is 26.82m to 32.92m long and 16.76 to 22.86m wide.
The skating surface and boundary line colours contrast with the colour of the surface so they stand out. The track boundaries are 0.64m to 5cm high and highly visible to skaters. The boundary line width is 2.54cm to 7.5cm.
The track shows the pivot and jammer lines. They are both on the same straight, with the pivot line 9.15m counter clockwise from the jammer line. Both lines are 2.54cm to 7.5cm wide.
There is a 3m safety zone clearance around the outside of the track. If there is a rail, wall or barrier between the track and the audience, a 1.5m clearance is allowed.
Inline Hockey Australia 2014 Playing Rules. 2014 Edition.
Skate Australia Speed Australian Speed Rule Book for Indoor Flat Track. 17 November 2008.
Federation Internationale Roller Sports. Speed Technical Committee Regulations 1/5 /2015.
Rules of Rink Hockey 2011.
Comite International de Rink-Hockey. Federation Internationale Roller Sports.
2014 Women’s Flat Track Derby Association WFTDA Rules of Flat Track Roller Derby. WFTDA Track layout guide.
Sports association details
Rollersports Association of WA Inc
33 Hackbridge Way Bayswater WA 6053
Telephone 08 9378 1476
The information in this guide is general in nature and cannot be relied upon as professional advice concerning the design of, or marking out for, sporting facilities and playing areas. No assurance is given as to the accuracy of any information contained in this guide and readers should not rely on its accuracy. Readers should obtain their own independent and professional advice in relation to their proposed sporting activity.